- Postfix - Fast and secure - Wietse Venema's mailer (son of VMailer and IBM Secure Mailer)
- Exim - University of Cambridge (son of Smail)
- Integrated Mail and Calendaring:
- Axigen: eMail server, anti-virus, anti-spam, web mail, backup/restore.
- Bynari - Email, messaging and collaboration. Replacement for Microsoft NT/Exchange Server, supporting functionality available in Outlook.
- Novell/S.U.S.E. Linux Openexchange Server (SLOX) - Postfix, IMAP and LDAP configured for use with MS/Outlook (See the YoLinux LDAP tutorial and see how to do it for free.) Supports MAPI (Messaging Application Programming Interface) clients and SIP. Third party support for anti-virus and anti-spam. Also POP3, IMAP4 support.
- IBM: Lotus Notes Domino Mail Server - E-mail, Web access, Calendaring and Scheduling, bulletin boards, newsgroups, mobile support
- Gordano - Messaging, Calendaring, Webmail, MAPI, anti-virus and anti-SPAM. Also POP3, IMAP4 support.
- Sendmail.com - commercial version of sendmail
- Scalix - Messaging, Webmail, MAPI. Third party support for anti-virus and anti-spam. Also POP3, IMAP4 support.
- Stalker software: CommuniGate Pro - Features anti-Spam, clustering, web admin, web mail, multi-domain, Mail lists, LDAP, ACAP, SSL, CLL, SASL, anti-virus, IM, MAPI, POP3, IMAP4
- Axigen mail server - SMTP, POP3, IMAP4, WebMail, List Server SSL/TLS, SPF, antivirus and antispam support
MTA Server support software:
- OpenGroupWare.org - Was SKYRIX groupware server, then OGo. Piggybacks on an existing SMTP server to handle mail but then provides calendar groupware and mail interface with email clients. Uses WEBDAV interface protocol.
- RFC2505 - Anti Spam
- OpenRBL.org - Blackhole List and lookup
- The SPAM-L FAQ
- Mail-Abuse.org: MAPS - Mail Abuse Prevention System
- Configuring sendmail for use with RBL - The Mail Abuse Prevention System's Realtime Blackhole List
- CAUCE International - Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial Email
- The SPAM-L FAQ
- SpamCop.net - Database and anti-spam services.
- How to sue an email spammer in small claims court and win money - by Ben Livingston
- SpamMap - Relationships between spammers and commerce sites mapped out in a chart.
- Postfix: PostGrey - Greylisting
- TrendMicro: Global Reputation - spam sources, IP
Execute the following from your SMTP server:
telnet relay-test.mail-abuse.orgThis site will run a series of relay tests and return the results in the telnet session. The proper diagnosis for each test of course is "Relay access denied" and the final reply: "System appeared to reject relay attempts".
The following web sites can also help you perform an open relay test:
- List.org: GNU Mailman
Also see the YoLinux Mailman Tutorial
- Sympa: LDAP enabled mailing list software - Supports Sendmail, qmail or Postfix.
- Listserv - Commercial Product
This is a sample of the dialog an e-mail client makes when connecting to an SMTP server for sending mail:
telnet server-name 25 - SMTP communicates on port 25. See: /etc/services HELO your-domain - This identifies the source of the mail. HELP - List the SMTP commands that are supported. (Included FYI and not part of a typical dialog) MAIL FROM: <your-email-address> RCPT TO: <recipient-email-address> DATA - End of DATA section is punctuated with a single dot on it's own line. Subject: E-mail-Subject Text of e-mail goes here . - The single dot QUIT
SMTP return codes let the e-mail client know if all went well.
See: RFC 822 for more information.
Return-Path: <email@example.com> - This is the information that they provide and may easily be forged Received: from domain-of-spammer-mail-server.com (MTA-node-name.domain-of-spammer-mail-server.com [XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX]) - Where XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the IP address by MTA-node.domain-name-of-server-receiving-spam.com (8.11.6/8.11.6) with ESMTP id fAR2XXXX2155 of the MTA relay server used by the spammer. Block this IP. for <firstname.lastname@example.org>; Mon, 26 Nov 2001 20:04:23 -0600 Received: from domain-of-sender.com ([XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX]) by MTA-node-name.domain-of-spammer-mail-server.com - Where XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX is the IP address of the computer which sent (iPlanet Messaging Server 5.1 (built May 7 2001)) the email to the MTA relay. Block this as well if you want to double protect yourself. with ESMTP id <0GNG0XXXXXXXVQ@MTA-node-name.domain-of-spammer-mail-server.com> for email@example.com; Tue, 27 Nov 2001 06:10:28 -0600 (CST) Date: Tue, 27 Nov 2001 06:04:36 -0600 From: Claimed Name of Spammer <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: Re: FYI To: email@example.comThe information within the "[ ]" is fairly reliable. Everything else can be set in the MTA configuration.
- RFC 2645 - ON-DEMAND MAIL RELAY (ODMR) SMTP with Dynamic IP Addresses
- RFC 2554 - SMTP Service Extension for Authentication
- RFC2505 - Anti Spam
- RFC 2487 - SMTP Service Extension for Secure SMTP over TLS
- RFC 2442 - Batch SMTP Media Type
- RFC 2197 - SMTP Service Extension for Command Pipelining
- RFC 2034 - SMTP Service Extension for Returning Enhanced Error Codes
- RFC 1985 - SMTP Service Extension for Remote Message Queue Starting
- RFC 1891 - SMTP Service Extension for Delivery Status Notifications
- RFC 1870 - SMTP Service Extension for Message Size Declaration
- RFC 1869 - SMTP Service Extensions
- RFC 1846 - SMTP 521 Reply Code
- RFC 1845 - SMTP Service Extension for Checkpoint/Restart
- RFC 1830 - SMTP Service Extensions for Transmission of Large and Binary MIME Messages
- RFC 1652 - SMTP Service Extension for 8bit-MIMEtransport
- RFC 1428 - Transition of Internet Mail from Just-Send-8 to 8bit-SMTP/MIME
Books on internet email programming: (Amazon)
- Programming Internet Email - by Dave Wood, David Wood, Mark Stone (O'Reilly & Associates; ISBN: 1565924797)
- Internet Email Protocols: A Developer's Guide - by Kevin Johnson (Addison-Wesley Pub Co; ISBN: 0201432889)
- Programmer's Guide to Internet Mail - by John Rhoton (Digital Press; ISBN: 1555582125)
- Internet e-mail: Protocols, Standards, and Implementation - by Lawrence Hughes (Artech House; ISBN: 0890069395)
- How to set up an autoresponder using procmail - by Shane Chen
- Stokely Consulting: Email/Sendmail resources/links
- CERT: Spoofed/Forged Email
- CERT: Email Bombing and Spamming
- Clam AntiVirus